Training of sumo wrestlers
Sumo - martial art in which two fighters reveal the strongest on the circular platform. The birthplace of the sport - Japan. Japanese sumo refer to martial arts. sumo tradition maintained since ancient times, so every match is accompanied by numerous rituals.
Japan Sumo is a recognized center and the only country where professional competitions are held. In the rest of the world there is only amateur sumo.
Modern professional sumo combines elements of sports, arts, shows, traditions and business.
The site for sumo wrestling is a square platform at 34-60 cm in height, called the dohyo. Dohyo made from compacted clay, and topped with a thin layer of sand. Duel extends in a circle with a diameter of 4, 55 m, whose boundaries are laid special braids of rice straw (t. N. "Tawara").
two white stripes, indicating the starting position of the fighters are located in the center of Doha. Sand around the circle carefully leveled brooms before each bout, to the footsteps in the sand you can determine whether the touched one of the opponents of land outside the circle. On the sides of the dohyo in the clay in several places made a step to the fighters and godzi able to climb it.
The very ground and a lot of items around her full of Shinto symbols: sand, which covers a clay dohyo, symbolizes purity, tossed salt symbolizes the cleansing, the expulsion of evil spirits, the canopy over the dohyo (yakata) is made in the style of the roof in the Shinto shrine.
Four tassels at each corner of the canopy represent the four seasons: white - autumn, black - winter green - spring, red - summer. Purple flags around the roof symbolizes the drift of the clouds and the change of seasons. Judge (godzi), among other duties, serves as a Shinto priest.
Login to Doha for women in the ancient tradition prohibited.
Training Doha are made in a similar way, but the circle is located flush with the floor. For them, too, held a ceremony of purification.
In the amateur sumo dohyo - a designated circle, not necessarily situated on a hill. Prohibition for women is not respected, there is a women's amateur sumo.
The sumo is forbidden to beat differently than an open hand, as well as in the eyes and in the genital area. It is forbidden to grab the hair, ears, fingers, and covering the genitalia of the mawashi. It is impossible to conduct a choke hold. Everything else is allowed, so the arsenal of fighters included slaps, pushes, grabs permitted for any part of the body and especially the belts and rolls, various steps and sweeps.
Duel begins with dash fighters simultaneously toward each other, followed by the collision ( "Tatiana"). Good form, as well as a successful tactic, it is considered an offensive struggle. On the other hand, the tricks are based on subterfuge (e.g., such as avoidance of contact at the beginning of the match), even though they are valid, not considered beautiful.
Due to a wide variety of techniques, hardly anyone owns their full arsenal, so there are the fighters, or more prone to seizures and fight in the belt, or, alternatively, to combat shocks from a distance.
The two basic rules are used to determine the winner of each bout:
1) Referring to the first ground with any part of the body other than the feet, it is a loser.
2) Referring first to the ground outside the circle is considered to be a loser.
Formation of fighter body takes place exclusively in the process of training by increasing the muscle and weight gain. That purpose devoted himself daily routine. The rise at first light, morning toilet, then fasting begins a grueling five-hour training session that requires full-time commitment and concentration. After training the wrestlers to take a hot bath and be sure to eat densely, usually without restrictions, as well as indulge in alcohol. After the meal - a three-hour sleep, then a short-term training and a light supper.
The availability of a wrestler good things of life is determined by its success. The achieved level fighter depends on what kind of clothes and shoes can be worn whether you can use a mobile phone, internet, sleep in a shared room or my room and so on.
Same level determines the type and amount of household duties - so get up before anyone else, clean and cook lower-ranking fighters. They're subservient to the senior in the bath and food. It is believed that this way creates a strong incentive: if you want to improve your status and do not do black work - better Train is very strong.
In the professional sumo no weight classes, so one of the determining factors is the weight of a wrestler. Almost all the athletes, except beginners, weigh under 100 kg or more, and for the higher weight divisions above 120 kg de facto obligatory - otherwise you can not count on success. On the other hand, the weight of over 200 kg - rare.