The most mysterious animal
The network is much talk about smart, savvy and cheerful dolphins, a good-natured giant whales, but the noble knights of the seas, sperm whales, for some reason, very little. Maybe because not all read the wonderful novel by Henry Melville on a white sperm whale "Moby Dick" ...
The sperm whale, though belongs to the family of cetaceans, is very different from all the inhabitants of the earth, as the underwater and land. It can rightly be called the most mysterious animals. He arranged as something completely wrong, in any case, it is unclear to us.
The whales - not fish but mammals that must emerge to make a breath of air. They have only a short time hiding under the water and reach shallow depths, and then pop up, otherwise suffocate and die. But sperm whale common rules are not written. It can stay under water for at least an hour and dive to a depth of one kilometer.
Some sources indicate the potential ability of the sperm whale dive even up to 3000 meters. Maybe for a sperm whale in general there are no limits of the depth? Of course, none of these exploits kit can not even dream of. 25-30 m - this is the depth of their stay.
The sperm whale falls very deep, and there is in fact a lot of pressure - up to 100 atmospheres, it must have been as monstrous press, flatten into a pancake of a sperm whale, so no! It pops up, and zhivehonek zdorovehonek.
Well, if he stays for a long time under water, you have to store a lot of air, and thus the light from the sperm whale should be - th-th-th any! Not at all. They had even twice less than in the rest of the whales. What he breathes so long - no one knows.
It is assumed that the air supply had accumulated in the muscles, as well as in the air bag in an overgrown nostril. In all creatures, both large and small, two nostrils. And only one sperm whale, left. Once there, however, it was still right, but it has long since overgrown. it is not clear, too, all with air. All known divers bends when nitrogen trapped light together with the inhaled air from the cylinders under high pressure enters into the blood, and thence into the body tissue. With the rapid rise to the surface of microscopic bubbles of nitrogen released and clog small blood vessels. There comes a serious poisoning, which causes severe suffering and often death.
The same fate, like, to be prepared for and sperm, because he did not "from another test," and the laws of physics exist for him. But sperm whale jumps out of the depths with frightening speed, like a torpedo, and he did not do anything! How is it possible - one of his secrets. It is believed that sperm whale blood plasma has a high solubility for nitrogen, not allowing this gas to form the microbubbles.
and everything else in his strange and inexplicable, as if it were some kind of alien, not an earthly animal. For example, it has the world's longest intestines - 160 meters! And why is it him? It is not known. This is one of the riddles unanswered, because predators tend intestines generally much shorter than that of herbivores.
But in the intestines contains amber - the precious substance for humans, but for which it uses the sperm whale, nobody really knows. According to the most common version is now amber released as a result of the intestinal mucosa irritation caused by the horny beak swallowed sperm whale squid, anyway, in pieces of amber can always find a lot of undigested beaks of cephalopods. But for decades scientists have not managed to establish whether the amber product normal life, or the result of disease. However, noteworthy is the fact that amber comes only in the intestines of males.
In a huge head of a sperm whale which is fit to be used as a battering ram, white liquid accumulates - spermaceti, easily The healing all wounds (about him even as the legends about the miraculous, cures all diseases of the medicine). In the first half of the XX century, spermaceti was used in perfumery and medicine, including preparation of burn ointment. Nowadays natural spermaceti no longer produced or used.
On the sperm whale skin sometimes find traces of suckers squid diameter of 20 cm. At the same time as the even the largest known to science squid (even those whose length with tentacles reaching 10 meters) diameter suction cups does not exceed 5 cm. what is unknown giant sperm whales are found in the mysterious depths of the ocean?