Giant millipede killer with poisonous claws
Type arthropods, which belong to all millipedes - the most abundant on the planet.
It brings together more than a million of living beings, of which one only centipedes described by scientists for more than 12 000 species. They live in different parts of the world. Most of them are quite small creatures, and only a few can boast a respectable size. The largest ever arthropods existed on Earth today is considered one of the types Arthropleura. Arthropleura lived in the Carboniferous and early Permian period, about 346, 7 - 290, 1 million years ago. Their home was the ancient swamp that covered much of present-day North America and Europe.
These centipedes reach about two meters in length and 46 centimeters in width. They weighed up to 100 kilograms. Arthropleura flattened body consisted of about 30 articulated segments, each of which was covered by two lateral and one central plates. I wonder what their rugged-looking body armor was as thin as a few millimeters. He calcium carbonate was not amplified (as, for example, shellfish). However, given their size, adult Arthropleura virtually no enemies in the Pennsylvanian swamps and therefore it was not necessary to have heavy armor. Typically, the protective cover Arthropleura collapsing after death of the animal, and only a few segments or plates preserved as fossils. Arthropleura ate mostly plants, including rotting. Extinction Arthropleura, probably due to the climatic changes in perm period when a hot and dry climate led to disappearance marshes.
The following movement of the ancient millipedes have survived to the present day. For example, in Nova Scotia, Canada on one surface of the sandstone were two parallel tracks Arthropleura, a width of about 50 cm. It is assumed that their authors were not less than 1 and 7 meters in length. Such traces were also found in the United States and Scotland.
Some scholars tend to see a parallel between the fossil centipede centipede and now living dwelling in the subtropics and tropics. Nowadays it is considered one of the largest millipedes. It can reach 26 cm in length, and sometimes 30 cm. Its body is composed of coated chitinous cuticle segments, their number varies from 21 to 23.
Each segment of the body is equipped with two pairs of paws with claws modified. Moreover, the claws of one front pair paws armed venom glands. These claws centipede uses for protection from predators and hunting.
These skolopendry very aggressive and hunt all creatures, which can handle. It is known that members of this genus centipedes attack lizards, frogs chicks, birds size of a sparrow, and bats.
centipede attack very interesting way. She climbs onto the roof of the cave where bats sleep, and holding fast to the surface for a few claws, killing his victim the rest, introducing her own poison.
Biologists watched as the giant centipede attacks triangular black-eyed snake (Sibynophis triangularis) in the forests of the biosphere reserve in Thailand. At that moment the snake lays eggs, and this may have played a significant role in the outcome of the attack. The interesting thing is that the snake in this case could not escape, and centipede took advantage of this situation. During the attack, the giant centipede legs and uses all of his body, trying to wrap their potential prey.
The poison giant skolopendry fatal for many small mammals and toxic to humans. In adults, its bite usually causes intense pain, focal local swelling, chills, fever and weakness.
For children as well as for people prone to allergic reactions, bites skolopendr can cause much greater harm. However, a meeting with a giant centipede rarely results in death to humans.
It is interesting that a giant centipede has poor eyesight, so relies mainly on receptors sensitive to chemicals.