Discover winter Ladoga, especially artistic, unusual
Winter Ladoga is rich with a variety of landscapes: this ascetic types, with stone beaches, covered with ice and snow, with gray skies and lonely pines and huge rock formations with sharp ridges and littered with windbreak, on top of which the towering pine trees and mighty waves, covering, like an ax carved ice floes in the sand and stone beaches, and bottomless northern sky through tight clouds that erupt cold rays of the sun, and granite bowl mirror lakes.
Lake Ladoga - one of the largest freshwater lakes in Europe. It is located in the north-western part of Russia.
In Old Nestor chronicles of the XII century is referred to as "the great lake Nevo" (a clear link with the name of the river Neva). In ancient Norse sagas and contracts with the Hanseatic city of lakes called Aldoga.
Since the beginning of the XIII century is part of everyday life the name of Lake Ladoga, formed from the name of the city of Ladoga in turn was named after the eponymous inflow in the lower reaches of the river Volkhov.
The name of Ladoga is a river, lake and city. At the same time, until recently, it was not clear which of the names is the primary.
In the Paleozoic, 300-400 million years ago, the entire territory of modern basin of Lake Ladoga was covered by the sea.
The sediments at the time - sands, sands, clays, limestone - coated with a thick stratum (over 200 meters) a crystalline foundation consisting of granite, gneiss and diabase. 7.
The present relief was formed as a result of the ice sheet (the last Valdai glaciation ended about 12,000 years ago).
The climate of Lake Ladoga is moderate, transitional from temperate continental to moderately Sea.
on the lake, there are so-called "white nights", the upcoming May 25-26, when the sun sinks below the horizon is not more than 9 °, and evening twilight practically coincide with the morning.
lake area without islands is 17, 6 thousand square km (including islands 18, one thousand square kilometers.).; length from north to south - 219 km, maximum width - 138 km.
In the Ladoga lake flow 35 rivers. The largest river that flows into it, is the river Svir, which makes it water from Lake Onega.
In Ladoga about 660 islands (area of 1 ha) total area of 435 square kilometers. Of these, about 500 are concentrated in the northern part of the lake, in the so-called skerries area, as well as part of the Valaam, West archipelagos islands and groups Mantsinsaari Island.
Island lake rocky, high, up to 60-70 m, sometimes steep banks, covered with wood, sometimes almost bare or sparsely vegetated.