Discover winter Ladoga, especially artistic, unusual

Discover winter Ladoga, especially artistic, unusual

Winter Ladoga is rich with a variety of landscapes: this ascetic types, with stone beaches, covered with ice and snow, with gray skies and lonely pines and huge rock formations with sharp ridges and littered with windbreak, on top of which the towering pine trees and mighty waves, covering, like an ax carved ice floes in the sand and stone beaches, and bottomless northern sky through tight clouds that erupt cold rays of the sun, and granite bowl mirror lakes.

one.

Discover winter Ladoga, especially artistic, unusual

Lake Ladoga - one of the largest freshwater lakes in Europe. It is located in the north-western part of Russia.

2.

Discover winter Ladoga, especially artistic, unusual

In Old Nestor chronicles of the XII century is referred to as "the great lake Nevo" (a clear link with the name of the river Neva). In ancient Norse sagas and contracts with the Hanseatic city of lakes called Aldoga.

3.

Discover winter Ladoga, especially artistic, unusual

Since the beginning of the XIII century is part of everyday life the name of Lake Ladoga, formed from the name of the city of Ladoga in turn was named after the eponymous inflow in the lower reaches of the river Volkhov.

four.

Discover winter Ladoga, especially artistic, unusual

The name of Ladoga is a river, lake and city. At the same time, until recently, it was not clear which of the names is the primary.

5.

Discover winter Ladoga, especially artistic, unusual

In the Paleozoic, 300-400 million years ago, the entire territory of modern basin of Lake Ladoga was covered by the sea.

6.

Discover winter Ladoga, especially artistic, unusual

The sediments at the time - sands, sands, clays, limestone - coated with a thick stratum (over 200 meters) a crystalline foundation consisting of granite, gneiss and diabase. 7.

Discover winter Ladoga, especially artistic, unusual

The present relief was formed as a result of the ice sheet (the last Valdai glaciation ended about 12,000 years ago).

8.

Discover winter Ladoga, especially artistic, unusual

The climate of Lake Ladoga is moderate, transitional from temperate continental to moderately Sea.

9.

Discover winter Ladoga, especially artistic, unusual

on the lake, there are so-called "white nights", the upcoming May 25-26, when the sun sinks below the horizon is not more than 9 °, and evening twilight practically coincide with the morning.

10

Discover winter Ladoga, especially artistic, unusual

lake area without islands is 17, 6 thousand square km (including islands 18, one thousand square kilometers.).; length from north to south - 219 km, maximum width - 138 km.

eleven.

Discover winter Ladoga, especially artistic, unusual

In the Ladoga lake flow 35 rivers. The largest river that flows into it, is the river Svir, which makes it water from Lake Onega.

12.

Discover winter Ladoga, especially artistic, unusual

In Ladoga about 660 islands (area of ​​1 ha) total area of ​​435 square kilometers. Of these, about 500 are concentrated in the northern part of the lake, in the so-called skerries area, as well as part of the Valaam, West archipelagos islands and groups Mantsinsaari Island.

13.

Discover winter Ladoga, especially artistic, unusual

Island lake rocky, high, up to 60-70 m, sometimes steep banks, covered with wood, sometimes almost bare or sparsely vegetated.

fourteen.