Little dragons of our planet
The dinosaurs in miniature, little dragons, as they just do not call.
And it's all around us scurrying lizards, reptiles, suborder of the order of scaly. These include all scaly, except for snakes and dvuhodok. Look at this beauty fauna of the planet.
1 In the world today there are almost 6000 types of tailed reptiles.
The representatives of different families vary in size, color, habits, habitat, some exotic species are listed as endangered. In nature, the most common reptile lacertidae can be considered, the average length of which body is 10-40 cm.
2 Unlike snakes, lizards have movable, separated for ever, as well as elastic, elongated body with a long tail, covered with horny scales, which changed several times during the season. Clawed paws.
lizard tongue may have a different shape, color and size, it is usually mobile and easily pulled out of the oral cavity. It is the language of many lizards catch prey.
3. Most lizards are capable, in case of danger, swinging the tail (autotomy). Reducing cartilage muscles at the base of the tail of a lizard drops its tail and grows again, albeit in a slightly truncated form.
4 At that time, most of the animals perceive the world in black and white, lizards see the surrounding orange.
The females are smaller species of lizards lay no more than 4 eggs, large -up to 18 eggs. Weight eggs can vary from 4 to 200 grams. The size of the eggs the world's smallest lizard, sphaerodactylus does not exceed 6 mm in diameter. The size of the eggs the world's largest lizards, Komodo dragon, reaches a length of 10 cm. 5. Gila Monster lizard (HELODERMA SUSPECTUM)
Their bite is poisonous. When they bite through the grooves in the tiny sharp teeth into the victim's body arrives painful neurotoxin.
6. toad (PHRYNOCEPHALUS)
It is called zhabogolovoy Agama - it's small, living in empty and has a feature - at the toad communication occurs via the tail, they are twisted and interesting body vibration by which they quickly burrow. Whimsical folds of the mouth scare away enemies.
7. Infraorder iguania (lat. Iguania) has 14 families.
The brightest representative of which is a chameleon, inhabit Africa, Madagascar, the Middle East, Hawaii and some US states.
8. Iguanas ordinary (green)
Iguana lizard fastest - the speed of movement by land - 34, 9 km / h - was recorded in the black iguana (Ctenosaura), dwelling in Costa Rica.
9. Marine iguanas
Marine iguanas of the Galapagos Islands, which Darwin called "the demons of darkness", all the time spent diving under water and scouring with stones accrued plants that feed the iguanas.
Chameleon - a highly unique reptile. His fingers are connected by a membrane, it is extremely prehensile tail, and attitude to the events it shows, changing color, similar to binoculars eyeballs move independently of each other, while very long and sticky tongue shoots out and catch prey.
11. The longest lizard is langurs monitor Salvador or kabarogoyya (Varanus salvadorii), from Papua New Guinea.
He, according to precise measurements reaches a length 4 of 75 m, but approximately 70% of the total length accounted for tail.
Geckos - the vast family of small and medium-sized very distinctive lizards characterized in most cases biconcave (amfitselnymi) vertebrae and the loss of temporal arches.
13. Kommodsky lizard
Dragon Komodo Island - the largest carnivorous lizard in existence, reaching almost three meters in length. The main food monitor lizard - rotting meat and rotting it just because of the giant lizards, or rather its bite. Varan intended victim, stalking her, attacks and makes one bite, and the infected saliva getting into the blood of the victim leads to its infection. Recent studies have also shown that the lizard is able to produce the poison. It can also be very widely razevat mouth and stands out the red slime to swallow the appropriate size of the victim dead body in its entirety.
14. Moloch (MOLOCH HORRIDUS)
Despite the complete absence of any family relations with horned toads, in the desert "thorny devil" has the same distinctive features and capabilities as they are: body, covered with thorns, the ability to change the body color, to be invisible on the sand. Moloch lizard eats only ants.