9 archaeological finds, lets you know how the life of ancient people looked
The people of the distant past was not high-tech inventions, but this did not prevent them to have in their own possession usual things today. Archaeologists find army knives, dentures and even letters of complaint, which is already more than one thousand years. In our review of the 9 subjects who can claim the title of "oldest" of its kind.
1. Zirconium Crystal (4, 4 billion years)
Scientists have dated the age of the chip 4, 4 billion years old, making it the oldest part of the planet's crust. The crystal was found in the hills of Jack Hills (arid region north of Perth, Australia) in 2001. Tiny translucent red crystal by bombarding it with electrons glows blue. To appreciate it is worth noting that the Earth itself as a ball of molten rock formed 4, 5 billion years ago in the form. Age crystal means that the crust has appeared in just 160 million years after the formation of the solar system.
2. The prosthetic finger (3000 years)
The prosthetic toe, which was buried with the mummy 3000 years ago, is considered the oldest in the history of the prosthesis. Scientists have conducted tests to see if they really can be used while walking. A researcher from the University of Manchester have copied the wooden finger and asked for a volunteer, who was missing a toe, diarrhea sandals with a prosthesis, such as those worn in ancient Egypt. It turned out that the prosthesis would indeed have made for easy walking, not only for imitation.
3. Swiss Army Knife (1800 years)
Maybe it's the world's first army knife. In any case, he bears a striking resemblance to modern multitool and has at least six different functions. In fact, this is not the Swiss unit - it comes from the Roman Empire, and was made in 200 AD. e. The tool includes a pin for pulling out of the clam shell, beak spatula dostavaniya sauce out of the bottle, fork, spoon and knife to eat, as well as a toothpick.
4. The cache of cannabis (2700 years)
The world's oldest stash of cannabis was found in 2700-year-old grave in the Gobi desert in 2008. almost two pounds was found still green (despite the age of almost 3 millennia) grass. Tests have shown that marijuana has a powerful psychoactive properties, which casts doubt on the theory that the ancestors cultivated cannabis only to make of her clothes, rope and other objects.
5. The stone tools (3, 3 million years)
This object resembling a nondescript stone is actually one of the oldest stone tools that were ever found. It was made for half a million years before man appeared. Scientists have discovered the stone tools in Kenya, near Lake Turkana, where they often find ancient artifacts. Scientists suggest that this tool was made by 3, 3 million years ago, early human ancestors Australopithecus.
6. A dildo (28,000 years)
In 2005, German scientists have discovered one of the oldest artificial phalluses in the world - 20-inch polished siltstone phallus of which was created 28,000 years ago. Stone toy for adults was found in a cave Heule Fels in southwestern Germany, a team of researchers from the University of Tübingen.
7. The DNA sample (150, 000 years)
Altamuriysky man became the oldest Neanderthal DNA which scientists have been able to study. About 150 000 years ago, the Neanderthal man fell into a well in southern Italy. In 1993, cavers noticed his skull in a cave Lamalunga, deep under the city of Altamura. They decided to leave the skull and bones intact, as tens of thousands of years, the bones are literally rooted to the stalactites and stone walls of the cave. In 2015, researchers took a sample of material from the right scapula skeleton and sent to the lab for research.
8. The music score (3400 years)
The clay tablets with cuneiform characters "Hurrian" language were found during excavations in the early 1950s in the ancient Syrian city of Ugarit (modern Ras Shamra city). One of the texts on these plates was a full score of the anthem of the moon god's wife of Nick. It is the oldest known musical score in the world. Its age is dated about 1400 BC. e .. It is noteworthy that even the text contains detailed instructions for the singer, accompanied by a harpist, as well as instructions on how to set up the harp.
9. The letter of complaint (3750 years)
The oldest complaint, which was filed in writing, executed 3750 years. Letter on a clay tablet dated 1750 BC. e., corresponds to the period of Old Babylon. Complaint was filed on certain Nanni Ea-Nasir due delivery copper ore of inferior quality, but also the misinformation and delays further supplies.