Sea Gypsies - people Baggio
The Southeast Asian nation is home to a nomadic seafaring Baggio, who almost without victims survived the infamous 2004 earthquake that caused the tsunami in the Indian Ocean. And all because the "sea gypsies" have adapted to live in the sea, coming ashore only to bury their dead.
Bajo ethnic group, or the Malays lived in the sea for centuries, mainly in Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines.
Baggio traditionally settled in boats called "Lepa-Lepa" hand-made. They have everything that is necessary for the nomadic life: kitchen utensils, kerosene lamps, food, drinking water, and even plants. Baggio go ashore to sell or buy the necessary goods, or repair the boat.
Survive Baggio due to underwater hunting - they are first-class freedivers and can dive without scuba gear thirty meters deep in search of sea bass, pearls and sea cucumbers.
Diving is a daily occupation Baggio from an early age, so often their eardrums ruptured, sometimes intentionally.
This way of life is fraught with many dangers. Many fishermen are maimed or die from decompression sickness. This decompression illness occurs when a person is immersed, and then rises to the surface before the body to relieve pressure.
Every year the people of Bajo is becoming increasingly difficult to live in the sea, t. To. The fish stocks are almost depleted due to uncontrolled fishing.
Sea Gypsies make a living mainly trade in sea bass or Napoleon fish, selling their Hong Kong fishing companies.
illegal methods of fishing with dynamite Baggio taught to soldiers during the Second World War. Since then, they cause their environment great harm.
In addition to everything they are engaged in fishing using cyanide, which is produced from plastic bottles directly at the school of fish. Cyanide paralyzes the fish, allowing it to sell more alive. However, this way of catching poison the entire coral reef, which feeds Baggio.
Alas, it is a vicious circle: that though something to earn a living, the fishermen have to catch huge numbers of fish, in obedience to the insatiable demands of the world market, at the same time destroying fish populations and reefs.
Fish hits the Hong Kong enterprises, where it is pumped with steroids, so that it remains alive. Asian restaurants are willing to pay for the live fish a lot of money.
Government forces sea nomads in recent years to move to the land, which is why they may lose their culture forever. Baggio are often at odds with the governments of various countries, ie. a. in search of a rich catch they can cross an international border.
Since the nomadic culture is clearly coming to a close, after the death of the present generation have no one to live in the sea. In recent years, young people are increasingly Baggio left their villages to seek work in the city.
However, there is a hope that the situation with the position of sea gypsies improve. World Wildlife Fund and Conservation International will organize various programs for the rational use of marine resources.