The largest millipede on the planet

The largest millipede on the planet

Giant centipede reaches a length of 26 cm, it is found on the islands of Jamaica and Trinidad, on the north and west of South America. Known cases of attacks skolopendry giant birds, lizards, mice and frogs. Especially poisonous are female. Mistakenly believed that a giant bite skolopendry is deadly to humans.

The largest millipede on the planet

The body is composed of segments 21-23 copper-red or brown, each with a pair of legs bright yellow. One pair of legs has turned in her maxilliped with claws connected to venom glands. A rear pair - in special dragging big feet to help the animal to cling to the soil clods of earth in the passages.

centipede victim missing front legs, plunges into it poisonous maxilliped and begins to chew, sending pieces of food in a wide throat, where they are digested by enzymes. Centipede eats rather slowly for a long time, making short breaks. Often, and many times cleaned, letting his legs one by one, and then antennae is one, then the other side through maxilliped. Yad skolopendr win acetylcholine, serotonin, lecithin, histamine, thermolysin, hyaluronidase. It is well preserved in the cold, but is rapidly destroyed by heating, under ether, ethyl alcohol, strong alkalis. In humans, their bites cause local swelling and pain usually lasts 1-2 hours. If a large centipede, these phenomena can be kept for several days, possibly fever, fever, weakness.