10 smallest countries
If you live in such a big country as Russia, then you are unlikely to visit all corners of this vast country. But there you are living in a state-dwarf, then to avoid all the hidden corners you can last only one day. We present you the top 10 smallest countries.
1. The Vatican
Vatican - closed city-state located in one of the areas of Rome and occupies an area of 44 hectares. It was founded in 1929 and is managed by the Pope. Vatican boasts of the most beautiful buildings in the world - the Sistine Chapel, St. Peter's Basilica, the residence of the Pope -. Apostolic Palace, etc. In addition half of the country is Vatican Gardens. Official citizens of the Vatican are about 800 people, and several thousand Italians daily commute here to work.
The second smallest country is Monaco. Over the past 20 years, thanks to the sea drainage area of the country has increased and now it covers an area of 2.02 square meters. kilometers. Monaco is the second smallest monarchical state. The country is one of the most densely populated countries in the world and has 30 thousand inhabitants. The main income of the residents brings tourism.
Nauru is located in the South Pacific in Micronesia. The area of the state is 21.3 square meters. kilometers. The Republic of Nauru is the smallest island nation in the world. They gained independence in 1968, but a home for Aboriginal island was for 3 million years. To date, the country's population of about 9 thousand. Man. The government of Nauru has no armed forces.
Tuvalu is also located in the south of the Pacific Ocean and covers 26 square meters. kilometers. The country also includes several coral islands. Previously, these islands belonged to the British crown and named Ellis Island. Tuvalu gained independence from the British in 1978. The country's population - 10.5 thousand people.. Due to the lack of natural resources Tuvalu to live at the expense of assistance to other countries.
5. San Marino
San Marino covers 61 square kilometers. kilometer and has the smallest population of the member countries of the European Council. It is the oldest independent country in the world, it was founded on September 3 301 years. Besides San Marino is one of the richest countries in the world, her income exceeds expenses.
This state is not landlocked. The country area 160.4 sq. kilometers. Liechtenstein borders on Switzerland and Austria and is one of the richest countries. There are registered more companies than inhabitants.
7. The Marshall Islands
This is a state in the middle of the Pacific Ocean consists mainly of coral islands. The country area - 181 square meters. kilometers, population 62,000. In 1986, the islands gained independence from the United States, but so far only help America help them "stay afloat." The country has no natural resources, and imports far exceed exports.
Seychelles occupy an area of 455 square kilometers, with a population of 84 thousand. Man. The archipelago is located to the north of Madagascar and consists of 115 islands of the Indian Ocean. Islands could develop due to the export of coconut, vanilla and cinnamon. But since 1976, when the country gained independence, the main source of income has become tourism.
9. The Maldives
The island country is the Republic of Maldives in the Indian Ocean and the area is the smallest Asian country. The country area 298 square meters. km. with the amount of 396 000 people. In the nation's capital - Male lives two thirds of the population. Previously, the country developed thanks to the export of dried tuna, shellfish cowries and coconut ropes, are now the main income brings tourism.
10. The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis
This diminutive state is located in the West Indies - between North and South America, the islands of the Atlantic Ocean. The state is located on two islands I area of 261 square meters. km. It was the first island settled by Europeans. The main source of income, of course, tourism, but here as well the development of agriculture and offshore banking.