What is hidden under the ice of Antarctica?
Antarctica - the most poorly studied continent on the planet, for which fixed several records. So, it is in Antarctica blowing the strongest winds on the planet, that is where the lowest temperature has been registered - 89 degrees below zero, but even in this place is the largest crater in the world. Despite the fact that the surface of the continent-record holder for several million years was covered with ice and snow, the scientists were able to show the image of a blossoming Antarctica last.
under the ice at the South Pole of the planet hides an entire continent
What is under the ice of Antarctica?
Antarctic ice sheet is so heavy, that the surface of the coldest continent on the planet caved in under the weight of the weight of snow and ice almost 500 meters. Still: the Antarctic ice sheet holds a 90% of all the ice on Earth! These days the coldest continent of the planet begins to gradually open the world their secrets: as a result of global warming, its surface gradually exposed, revealing the world unexplored and mysterious territory.
One of the most interesting findings was the discovery of the valley under the glacier Byrd. Currently, the valley is considered to be the deepest point located within the continent as a unique place is located at a depth of 2780 meters.
You may be interested: Scientists have discovered the secret of the mysterious hole in the Antarctic Lake Vostok, located near the Antarctic station of the same name, is currently under the ice in the 4,000 meters. Scientists believe that despite the enormous pressure of the water in the lake, which is approximately equal to 300 atmospheres, in this reservoir can live organisms, endowed with truly unique properties. Due to the fact that Lake Vostok many millions of years in isolation from the outside world, local fauna can differ considerably from those already studied.
Lake Vostok is located directly under the same station in Antarctica
How to look Antarctica in the past?
Despite the fact that currently almost entirely Antarctica is a desert of ice, the climate on the continent was not always so. The fact that Antarctica had once been part of the giant continent Gondwana, obladavschego warm and humid climate. Antarctica was covered in the last rain forests, although even then in the southern part of it sometimes was quite cold and even snowed intermittently. The fauna of the Mesozoic as well has been presented in the form of some dinosaurs and ancient birds and mammals. So, one of the first Antarctic dinosaur discoveries became Cryolophosaurus, whose length reaches 8 meters. In order to remove the remains of the ancient monster from many kilometers of ice, the researchers first had to blow up the ice-bound dinosaur dynamite, and only then assemble parts flown apart Cryolophosaurus on the mountain slopes.
Found in Antarctica Cryolophosaurus combines the features of tyrannosaurs and Allosaurus, reaching a length of more than 8 meters
What happens if the ice melt in Antarctica?
Researchers believe that if the whole concentrated in the Antarctic ice melted completely, sea levels on the planet will increase by approximately 60 meters. As a result of this disaster under water at risk to leave a lot of major cities, among which appear London, New York, St. Petersburg and Sydney. In addition, the water will go and some of the coastal European countries such as the Netherlands and Denmark. The very same Antarctica incur significant territorial losses: the western part of the continent will turn into an archipelago with many islands, forming a completely new map of the ancient continent.
Antarctica future risks turning into quite a comfortable life for the archipelago
According to official data, on the Antarctic Peninsula is already noted the appearance of the tundra zone. Scientists believe that due to the increase in the average temperature on the planet, on the continent will soon begin to grow trees, and the number of animal species every day will only increase.