Top 5 myths about the first landing of man on the moon
Even after 50 years since the first human landing on the moon is full of people in the world who are convinced that no one ever on Earth satellite did not fly, and it was very large and expensive hoax of the US government, which has decided to deceive the whole world. According to NASA historian, "the seed of doubt" in society was born at a time when Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins - the crew of the famous "Apollo 11" - began to land on the moon, which, recall, took place on July 20, 1969.
Shortly thereafter, there was a so-called "theory of the lunar conspiracy", which states that everything that happened - no more than a high-quality Hollywood productions, shooting of which were carried out on Earth. According to Roger Lanius former NASA historian, according to various estimates, about 6 percent of Americans still continue to believe that the flights to the Moon were not performed and published photos and video were shot in the halls of the world.
Read also: Preparation for the first manned mission to the moon. How it was
In 2002, already elderly at the time Buzz Aldrin had to deal with one of those people. The conflict ended with assault and battery. The trick, of course unworthy of a hero. But I do not know how would have done in his place another person if it in front of everyone called a liar and a coward.
On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of man landing on the moon, let us remember the 5 most popular conspiracy claims about the implausibility of the mission "Apollo 11".
Why the American flag is waving in the wind?
Application: The American flag on the photos look as if swaying in the wind. But that's impossible, because there is no air on the moon.
See also: 10 things you did not know about the moon landings "Apollo"
Explanation: To set the flag on the surface of the satellite, astronauts used foldable T-shaped rod, which is attached to the flag. During the installation of Armstrong and Aldrin accidentally bent it. The mechanism of a little stuck. As a result, the flag stretch the full length of the astronauts did not happen. This creates the effect of "fluttering in the wind."
By the way, NASA video perfectly clear that the flag begins to "sway" only to be touched astronauts, making him any manipulation.
Why can not see pictures of the stars?
Statement: In all the photos allegedly taken on the lunar surface, the sky did not see the stars. NASA has decided to remove the stars from the photos, it was impossible to determine where the shooting took place - on the satellite or on Earth.
Explanation: very fast shutter speed used for shooting. The stars could be seen, if the exposure was longer. But in this case we would not have seen the really important one for shooting objects: astronauts, the elements of the lunar landscape, the lander.
The brightness and detail of the image depends on the amount of light striking on film. If it is not enough, the photo will turn out dark. If too much light - the photo will be overexposed. As the examples below.
Regulate the amount of light can be: width of the lens opening (aperture) and the time during which it remains open (shutter speed). When the foreground and background are very different in the degree of illumination - photo very difficult to obtain. In short, the Moon is too bright to be able to simultaneously take a picture of the objects on its surface, and fainter stars on her background.
Why the lander did not leave a crater?
Statement: If you are landing the lunar module had to leave their engine crater on the surface, but in the photo no funnel is not visible. In addition, it raised with the ship landing lunar dust was deposited on the module supports, but it is not.
Explanation: Gravity on the moon six times less than on Earth. Therefore, the effect of the pin threads running engine will be much smaller. In addition, in the last moments before touching on the surface of the satellite module is lowered at a rate of about 15 cm per second. Planting was so soft that the crew did not realize at what point there was a touch on the surface.
The ground conditions at the start of the rocket scatters dust clouds in all directions. But on Earth, as opposed to the Moon, there are air flows that this dust spread. When landing on the moon lunar dust was disturbed only where it touched the support themselves or exhaust of jet engines.
Why does the shadow on the moon pictures look so strange?
Statement: If the sun is the only source of light on the Moon has no atmosphere, which scatters the light, why not all the shadows completely black? Some of the photos can be seen that the sun is behind the astronauts, and the lens is facing the side that should be in the shade. Nevertheless, in the shadow of all the details are visible. The shadow was clearly highlighted by some artificial light source. Explanation: The Moon is really no atmosphere. However, the very lunar surface reflects and scatters incident to sunlight in all directions. Part of the scattered light reaches the Earth. This scattered light is partially hits the astronaut (pictured above) and illuminates it. Astronaut space suit - white, and the backlight is sufficient ambient light to the shade was something to be seen.
Where the camera is reflected in the photos?
Statement Neil Armstrong and lander were reflected in the visor of the helmet spacesuit Aldrin (pictured above). But in the hands of Armstrong is not visible camera. Was directed?
Explanation: Armstrong and Aldrin used a camera that is attached to the chest. They did not need to hold the camera in front of his eyes, as we are usually used to do when photographing. In addition, it would simply not be possible. would interfere with the helmet.
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