NASA told how much will cost day stay on the ISS for individuals
A couple of days ago, NASA space agency, convened a press conference at which he announced, making the ISS is fully open for business. Previously, commercial organizations were allowed to use the ISS exclusively for research purposes, for example, for a variety of scientific experiments. Now the agency has allowed private businesses to engage in profitable business in low Earth orbit.
What are the rules of flights to the ISS to private companies?
To support the commercial activity of the ISS agency is going to allocate annually up to 5 percent of the budget that it spends on the service station (and in the year it comes out to about 3-4 billion dollars). Before the manned missions to the ISS NASA privateers will prepare like real astronauts. It should also be clarified that NASA is not going to let anybody into the station, and when it came, therefore, has published a list of rules and restrictions.
So, during the year the station will be allowed shipping only 175 kilograms of commercial goods, while a commercial activity on the ISS will be annually allocated only 90 hours of work stations. In addition, to perform private manned mission to the station will be allowed only twice a year, and the length of stay on board privateers in the framework of these missions should not exceed 30 days. According to the program, private flights to the ISS, it will go up to 12 people a year.
How much does day stay on the ISS?
The US space agency has also published a price list, which specifies the prices for a variety of commercial activities on board the orbital station. So, within the framework of unmanned missions to the ISS shipping kilogram into orbit will be 3000 dollars. Another $ 3,000 per kilogram have to pay for it to be disposed of. If the customer wants to return the goods back to Earth, it will cost an additional $ 6,000 per kilogram.
As part of the manned missions prices will be much higher. For example, the cost of using the toilet, and life-support systems by one person per day will be $ 11 250. 22,500 dollars a day to pay for such necessities of life to the ISS things like food, water, air, medical drugs and so on. Even the electricity will have to pay - $ 42 per 1 kWh. As pointed out by NASA CFO Jeff DeWitt, a total of twenty-four hours on board the ISS for one person will cost about 35 thousand dollars, that is over a million dollars per person for a 30-day visit.
It should also be added that in the price list does not include the cost of space launch services for these unmanned and manned missions. In this matter, the business will have to negotiate with companies such as SpaceX and Boeing, since the private American aerospace companies once they potentially will be able to take people to the ISS. However, they develop manned space vehicles are not yet ready. Fly to the ISS and can be on the "Union." It will cost more than $ 80 million for a place - such a price "Roskosmos" exposes for NASA. But Americans soon expect to reduce the cost of flights: a place on board the CST-100 Starliner by Boeing and Crew Dragon company SpaceX will cost "only" $ 58 million (although it is not known whether the same for private astronauts price stays).
Commercial Module to the ISS
NASA wants private companies began on the ISS development of technologies for the construction of housing space, so open for businesses access to the forward docking port of module "Harmony". Even in 2017 it was reported that private space missions are going to use a connecting gateway module Tranquility, but it was only on cargo missions.
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