Is it possible to "glut oneself" to death?
Is it possible to accommodate so much food that you will die? We used to joke about the issues Americans with overeating, but what's wrong with that? No one has died from what ate three Big Mac. People were dying rather on what to eat three Big Mac twice a week for the last thirty years. But each of us in a situation where, after three servings of lettuce, chicken, potatoes, bread, snacks, sausages, mayonezika, fish, lettuce still ... "Now this desertik" has not climbed. And will go up?
Gizmodo interviewed medical professionals who are seriously concerned with the problems of overeating and regularly in the practice faced with the bursting of the stomach.
Chief physician John A. Clarke, School of Medicine, Stanford University:
"overfeed themselves to death is extremely difficult, but possible theory. It seems that often stomachs burst, but in reality it is a rare event - the stomach is much stronger than any other segment of the intestine and is able to expand. He copes with large meals, but if you have too much stretch the stomach, it will cause vomiting. Therefore, although cases of gastric rupture really been overeating to the point is extremely rare, because the stomach is expanding rapidly and simply time to get away from the critical pressure of food. Human Stomach customary extends approximately liter after each meal, but of course, it can continue to expand. People who can eat fifty or sixty hotdogs usually have extremely capable to support the stomach and, amazingly, they actually slow down the emptying of the stomach. It is not entirely clear why. May slow gastric emptying in some degree eliminates hunger, so they can continue to eat. In such situations, despite the massive amount of food they consume, none of them had ever happened stomach rupture. More often there is vomiting from eating too much. There are, for example, Boerhaven syndrome where vomiting and severe esophageal movements can obtain rupture of the esophagus. During his career, I did not see rupture of the stomach not once, but with the syndrome Boerhaven - saw a couple.
There is another option, it is not similar to the gap - the gap Mallory - Weiss when gastroesophageal junction is torn esophagus. It can cause significant bleeding, although not to such a person to die in place of the bleeding. But if it happened far from the medical care, it is theoretically possible from it and die.
In theory, if you pereeli anything with a high content of metal or mineral, which can be an overdose, you will have problems. Personally, I did not see in practice, but a friend told me that someone had eaten a huge amount of lobster - three kilos - and ended up in hospital with poisoning iodine. But you would have to eat really a lot of products with a high content of mercury or iodine, or anything else that is usually available in trace amounts. "
Chief physician Barbara Jung of the University of Illinois:
"On a long distance - is certain: you will be able to overfeed themselves to death. The growth of obesity among people in developed countries - an obvious sign. The high mortality rate here in the US linked to obesity directly or from complications caused by obesity or of related problems - cardiovascular diseases, cancer and so on.
If people are concerned, not to die of a celebratory feast: you have to understand that the body wants to live, so they say, when there is enough and when no longer can not eat anything. Very few will be able to steel himself and continue to have, because it's hard. By overeating could die if the temperature of the food was too low, and you would just overcooled, absorbing a large amount of cold. Or if you eat much more than the capacity of the stomach. The food goes into the stomach, passing through the intestines, and stomach if clogged, it can only move upwards, ie in the opposite direction. Complications caused by vomiting, choking may include (when the food gets into the respiratory tract), or bleeding associated with esophageal rupture. But this happens very rarely, because the body regulates itself and does not want to overeat. "
Merlin Butler, a professor of psychiatry and pediatrics at bihevioristiki Medical Center University of Kansas:
"Feed yourself to death - it is a phenomenon that we have seen the example of Prader syndrome -
Willie, who is the most common known cause of morbid obesity in humans. It is a rare disease - may be about 400 000 people around the world suffer from it.
Individuals with Prader - Willi pass through two major clinical stages. The first phase - failure to develop normally: they are born very weak, with reduced fetal activity. They also gipotoniki that leads to a different feeding.
This continues for several months to a year, maybe longer, and then they begin to grow appetite. It grows extremely - developing giperfaziya. The body grows fat quickly. The food is everything that comes to hand, until the person is asleep or he will not burst stomach. Rupture of the stomach - a common cause of death in Prader - Willi. This is the main feature. Often they are placed in a controlled environment with a strict diet that they did not have access to food and stomachs grew smaller. And then can happen is that they will move, and their stomach is like a wrinkled prune they overeat and stomach bursts.
They know that they overeat because they are limited to food, but still there is not a feeling of fullness. Brain says: "I'm hungry, I'm hungry, I'm hungry", but says: "I am full, I can not eat." Patients with Prader - Willi also unable to vomit. Sometimes even such that children with Prader - Willi could jump out the window when he heard the van with ice cream horn. They may even have what to eat is not suitable. This can be very dangerous for life. "