10 amazing facts about life at the South Pole
To volunteer to go to the end of the world in the name of science, you have to be a special person. But that's a bunch of people doing every summer (in the southern hemisphere at this time of winter) on the geographical South Pole. Antarctica - the coldest and driest place on earth, and our south pole - among the most godforsaken places. Living at a polar station "Amundsen - Scott" to survive during the winter time, full of adventure, isolation and the very experience that is available to very few. Live at the South Pole, though it is difficult, but very interesting. Where else will you find ...
one sunrise and one sunset in the year
Because of the unique location of the South Pole at the bottom of the globe, the sun can be seen there as nowhere else. It is at the ends of the Earth can be observed for the longest sunset.
Because of the tilt of the planet axis of the South Pole is experiencing a sunset and a sunrise in the year. In place of these two events takes a lot of days, so fans will look at the sun to see, in every sense.
The clock does not need the
If you are working in the fresh air, watch you do not need. When the sun finally rises, it will gradually rise until mid-summer and then slowly descend to the horizon.
While glowing ball crawling across the sky, illuminating it 24/7, understand the time of day will be very simple. When the light will have a specific building or identification mark at a certain time, it will turn out there every day at the same time. When lunch time comes, when the sun is over the object with a weather balloon, you can go to the cafeteria whenever it happens.
A dizzying journey
On arrival at the South Pole you will find that the walk there is not too difficult. Ice well pressed and crystallized, forming a non-slip surface. Antarctica is the same everywhere, except for the height.
South Pole lies on a 3000-meter sheet of ice, and the new arrivals are approximately 3 kilometers above sea level. No elevator there, so whenever things have to raise to 15 meters, they will be severely reminded of the hill.
Drowsiness can be a problem
Your body will eventually acclimate to the altitude, but the recovery will be physiologically tolerated even harder because of the atmospheric phenomenon that can only be found at the poles. When the barometric pressure drops, the air becomes denser, as everywhere in the world. Our planet revolves around its axis, creating a centrifugal force. This force pulls the atmosphere to the equator, "dropping" the sky at the poles.
As the heavens fall air becomes thinner, making the height of the South Pole more than it actually is. Since residents live at an altitude of 3000 meters above sea level, the extra 600 meters can cause drowsiness, which experienced climbers during the ascent to altitude.
Although research station South Pole buzzing scientific activity during the short summer season, in the winter there is only a small team of 50 people. These brave souls are isolated at the bottom of the planet, from the time of departure of the last aircraft in mid-February and until the return of the following at the end of October - early November.
Regardless of illness and madness, people have to be trapped, because the low temperatures in the winter certainly freeze jet fuel, making it impossible any departure.
The sad month
For those who dare to put themselves in the name of science, the winter will be long. After sunset, the length of a few days and months twilight reigns night for several months. Some suffer from seasonal affective disorder, but most of the work, life and work in close contact of the same 50 people for weeks affected worst of all the rest.
Such conditions will make anyone's moody, and even the most cheerful out acidly, when winter ends. In most cases this occurs in about August. Although all the impact is different, seeing the same faces in the endless darkness of the order of boring.
Razdevashki druzyashkami with
Although brutal low temperature and even fatal without the appropriate equipment, thermometer rarely drops below -73 degrees Celsius. But when this happens, local residents an opportunity to join one of the most exclusive fraternities planet, "three hundred Club" (300Club).
They're going naked in the sauna Research Station and heated it to 93 degrees Celsius (200 Fahrenheit). And when everything is good, wet and inflamed, they wear nothing but boots and jump out to mark the geographic South Pole. Out saunas cue entails a change in temperature of 300 degrees (Fahrenheit), and an excellent picture dipping, with a thin silver layer of frozen pot, exactly next to the historic South Pole.
When the ground is
south pole lies on the plate 3 of ice-kilometer thickness. And when the ice is on top, it has a tendency to slide ... much slip. Although the present geographic South Pole is not moving, the label and the buildings on it - more like 2, 5 cm per day. All of the pole is shifted to 9 meters per year. Surveyors pinpoint the exact location of the South Pole, a pole mark moves each year to compensate for the long slow slide.
Run - a great way to keep in shape, but running in the cold can burn the lungs healthy. However, few can resist the temptation to be able to boast that they literally run round the whole world. At the South Pole, it would require about 20 steps.
To put runners in fair condition, the station hosts an annual race. The route traverses the ring mark pole, allowing participants absolutely honestly say that they really run round the whole world.
New Year and again, and again, and again,
The time zones are separated by 15 degrees of longitude. These degrees most separated at the equator - about 111 kilometers between them. On the equator, they go to the north and south, gradually reducing the distance between them, until all 24 converge at the poles. Living at the South Pole, people are able to move from one time zone to another in a few steps.
In the New Year it acquires a special dimension. Polar residents can celebrate the New Year in each time zone of the Earth by simply moving the legs. Only the strongest will survive the 24-hour festival.