The NASA developed the concept of the suspension of the lunar greenhouse
To long to live and work on the Moon or Mars, you need to eat well. A healthy human diet is unthinkable without fruit, vegetables and herbs, so the problem with the cultivation of food stands in front of scientists almost as sharply as creating habitable modules, suits the production and development of reliable spacecraft. The Kennedy Space Center have created the concept of a greenhouse suitable for planting a variety of plants in space stations. In the future, the project will not only help to provide researchers with vitamins, but also will allow scientists to explore the possibility of integration of the beds in the ship life-support systems and databases.
Inflatable greenhouse with the beds involves the reuse of waste water and, at the same plant, according conceived, can saturate the air with oxygen. To grow radishes in the ground, while being in space - not the best idea, so the developers propose to use instead of the earth nourishing gel or solution, as needed for irrigation water can be continuously circulated and enriched with the necessary components, including derived from humus and waste. But there are unsolved problems: radiation on Mars will not allow just go and start growing vegetables, so you need to consider, and this time, but still need to precisely calculate the amount of fertilizer and seeds, which the astronauts will be able to take with them. Apart from fertilizers, and plants require lighting - easier with him, you can always use the LED strip, mixed and natural lighting.
Before the creation of lunar base at NASA is still time, and to Mars - in general as to the moon walk, so the researchers certainly have time to test and prepare everything.