With the help of the Large Hadron Collider scientists discovered 5 new sub-atomic particles
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the newest installation of the European Organization for Nuclear Research, is the most powerful particle accelerator in the world. It is an underground circular tunnel length of 27 km and is equipped with superconducting magnets and various equipment, which allows to accelerate and collide with each other at various particle velocities close to the light velocity.
The level of energy created in a collision directed at each other particles, allows to split normal matter in the more compact particles such as quarks and gluons. Because of this, scientists can directly study the fundamental particles of matter, and sometimes, if you're lucky, even open new ones. In general, the project is very ambitious, expensive, but worth it.
Today, more than 10,000 scientists and engineers work together and try using the LHC to learn more about the fundamental properties of our physics. And this work is really bearing fruit. LHC team has proved the existence of Higgs boson, potentially denies the existence of the paranormal and opens up new kinds of particles. Although for several years the situation has quieted down somewhat around the LHC, a recent report says scientists in favor of the opening continue to this day. As part of the experiment LHCb scientists say the opening of the new system of the five sub-atomic particles. In this case, all open subatomic particles were discovered in a single analysis. Discover a new state of the particle - in itself an achievement, but the opening of the five different states of a single particle in one study can be considered as an outstanding event in general.
Each of the five particles are excited state Omega-c-zero - particles with three quark. The particles obtained here following, according to a conventional standard: Ωc (3000) 0, Ωc (3050) 0, Ωc (3066) 0, Ωc (3090) 0 and Ωc (3119) 0.
Now scientists need to determine their quantum numbers, and the potential theoretical value. According to researchers, the discovery of these particles will complement our understanding of the relationship between the quarks and multiquark states that, in turn, in the future will allow to fill some of the gaps in our knowledge about the universe and quantum theory as a whole.
CERN as he calls the discovery "a breeding ground for new and outstanding results in physics research." Discoveries such as this clearly demonstrate that international cooperation in the field of science is very difficult to overestimate. At the moment, the LHC is the largest international project in history. Within the walls of laboratories and research centers of the work of scientists from more than 85 countries. Therefore, it is not surprising that this level of cooperation will allow us to enter a new era of physics and open new doors in our understanding of how this universe.
During the following months and years, the LHC facility will be used to study the so-called "dark segment of physics." Will be made new attempts to open a previously unknown particles, as well as address issues associated with the hidden mysteries of the universe. We are talking about dark matter, parallel dimensions, as well as the terms and conditions that may be present in the earliest moments of the Big Bang.