"Mauser": the whole truth about the "execution gun commissioners"
"Mauser" - a gun that gave rise to the cult. He became an integral part of the image of the red commissars in leather jackets, a symbol of unchallenged power. It was stored, they were awarded about him dreaming, he was feared.
Your word, Comrade Mauser
gun manufacturing, patented in the name of Paul Mauser, started in 1896. Did the director of the firm itself directly related to the creation of weapons, or merit in the creation of which has become legendary gun belongs only brothers Federle - a complex question and the researchers argue about it until now.
Impressive size with a shop ten 7, 63 mm caliber gun was worn in a wooden holster, which can be used as the butt, turning into a sort of pistol carbine. The advantage of the weapons has become very large, and for the pistol prohibitive distance and accuracy.
With butt could fire at a distance of 100 meters. However, the gun sight was cut per kilometer. But this is nothing more than a publicity stunt. To fire even a kilometer from the rifle is difficult, but to shoot a "Mauser" at such a distance, the goal should be a shield at least 4 by 4 meters.
Popular among affluent travelers and the military, the gun was not deprived of deficiencies. The complexity and high cost of production, combined with difficulties in the maintenance of weapons have led to that "Mauser" in service was not adopted, while remaining very powerful commercial weapons option.
However, in 1908, "Mauser" appears in the German cavalry rangers. During the First World War due to a lack of pistols "Parabellum" was released on a small (about 10 thousand.) War party "Mauser" for use at the front. These spray guns have a caliber of 9 mm and placed in differed handle red nine. Between the World Wars
After the completion of the First World War among limitations of the Treaty of Versailles Germany was forbidden to have guns with barrel length greater than 100 mm. Therefore, the firm "Mauser" was forced to transfer part of its production in Spain.
There were produced seven caliber pistols, 63 mm or 9 mm. There were models can fire bursts. "Mauser" was used later during the civil war of 1936-1939.
In Germany after the first world began to produce a smaller version of the gun. In 1926, in connection with certain indulgences to the Treaty of Versailles, the firm "Mauser" returned to production in Germany usual model with a long barrel.
In 1930, a very small series was released modification "Mauser", which equips gun is not out of the cage, and store. But two years later there was a 712 model with a store 10 or 20 rounds, is permitted to conduct automatic fire.
A certain amount of Mauser pistols, issued in Germany, has been bought by China. The latter Party in 1939 were confiscated and they did due to lack of arms on arms produced by SS divisions. In China, "Mauser" will be applied in numerous conflicts and unrest variety of parties - until the end of the civil war in 1949.
In 1939, in connection with the outbreak of the Second World War, orders for commercial Mauser pistols stopped coming, and the company turned out to be loaded with the production of other weapons. All were released about 1 million pistols "Mauser" various modifications and, despite the fact that the en masse this pistol anywhere adopted was not accepted, he left a significant mark in the military history of the first half of XX century. "Mauser" in Russian
In Russia, "Mauser" was a commercial weapon and has been commercially available. Officers are allowed to purchase a gun to carry out building. It cost a lot of money - 56 rubles (then the price started to decline), while, for example, the salary of captain was only 51 rubles per month.
When the "Mauser" was first used by the Russian army in a combat situation? Hypothetically, this could be a hike in China, however, evidence supporting this hypothesis has not yet been found. But sent to the Russian-Japanese war had already let the officers into a small number of Mauser.
However, widespread in the country gets the gun only after the Revolution and during the Civil War, when the looting began commercial warehouses and shops. How then, "Mauser" is no longer possible to say dispersed across the country, because there is no documentation in this regard has not been preserved.
Most likely, it could be suspected of tens of thousands of units. Anyway, the gun has been applied on all fronts and in all the warring parties. However, the cinema created and partly fiction image of that "Mauser" was almost everyone too far from reality. Powerful robust gun was indeed very valuable and desirable, but at the same time a rare asset to the participants of the Civil War.
Symbol, reward, weapons
In 1919 he established the Honorary revolutionary weapon. Initially, as a reward to use cold weapons with fixed on it a sign of the Order of the Red Banner. But since 1921 it has been used to reward and "Mauser". Although the gun was awarded as an honorary revolutionary weapon only two people - Semyon Budyonny and Sergey Kamenev. After the Civil War, in 1922-1925 years in Germany were the purchase of pistols with a shortened barrel, known as "Bolshevik Mauser."
Used "Mauser" most different systems of the Red Army officers and partisans during World War II. Known "Mauser", belonged during the war Marshals Konev, and Govorov, generals and Katukova baht commanders of guerrilla groups.
Again, to say how much mass is in terms of numbers was the presence of these weapons can not be. However, immediately after the war, "Mauser" very quickly disappear from the arsenals of war, staying mostly in museum collections.