Available on the general analysis of blood: learn to understand their analyzes

Available on the general analysis of blood: learn to understand their analyzes

By general blood test indicators include (in abbreviation index contains parentheses):

Hemoglobin (HGB) - inside the erythrocyte protein that is responsible for the oxygen saturation of the body. In the lungs it combines with oxygen and transports it to the organs. There oxygen is replaced by carbon dioxide, which is delivered to the lungs. And gas exchange occurs. According to the rules of the common blood tests measure hemoglobin are different for men and women - at first it should be higher.

Erythrocytes (RBC) - cells containing hemoglobin. Complete blood analysis is Count such as "average content in one erythrocyte hemoglobin" (MCH), that reflects the amount of protein in one erythrocyte.

Hematocrit (HCT) - indicator of the density of the blood.

Reticulocytes (RE) - young red blood cells. The fall in hemoglobin and red blood cells is below normal may be observed in cases of anemia, after a long illness.

Platelets (PLT) provide blood clotting. Overall analysis reveals a decrease in platelet count and to prevent bleeding that can Falling PLT lower than 50h109 / l.

White blood cells (WBC) - responsible for immunity. leukocytes performance in general blood test to evaluate the state of immunity and even to determine the cause of the disease. Excess levels of leukocytes are often observed in acute bacterial infections, purulent inflammations. In the fall of the number of white blood cells is below normal probable viral infection, toxic condition, certain bacterial infections. Thus, if an increasing number of white blood cells fighting the virus - a disease caused by a viral infection, a lot of white blood cells fighting the bacteria - disease of bacterial origin. Treatment in the first and second cases is significantly different.

The most active against bacteria neutrophils (NE), so the nature of bacterial inflammations of their percentage in the blood increases. While the amount of other leukocyte types (again expressed in%) is decreased. In sum, the percentage of all species of leukocytes is 100%.

The percentage of various types of leukocytes called leukocyte formula.

Extended CBC provides information about the different types of neutrophils. Adult neutrophils, which perform most of the work to fight infection - are called segmented. During neutrophil maturation takes several forms: medullocell, metamyelocyte, stab neutrophil and only then segmented. The presence of a small amount of segmented and band neutrophils are absolutely normal. Myelocytes and metamyelocytes appear with severe diseases, activation of the body's defenses to fight the disease.

Eosinophils (EO) - excess content in the overall analysis of blood eosinophils observed in parasitic infestations (eg, parasitic), allergic reactions, treatment from severe bacterial infections. Basophils (BA) - contained in the blood in small amounts. Elevated levels of basophils found in rare diseases.

Lymphocytes (LYMP) form a common and local immunity. In viral infections lymphocyte content increases.

Monocytes (MON) disposed bacteria, dying cells, and other foreign elements. Increasing the amount of monocytes seen with prolonged infection and infectious mononucleosis.

Plasma cells in healthy adult lacking. Appear varicella, bark, infectious mononucleosis, rubella and some other viral infections.

An important indicator of blood count - ESR. In inflammatory processes ESR increases.

Complete blood count must be collected in the morning on an empty stomach.