Konstantin Rokossovsky Marshal of the two countries
Konstantin Rokossovsky commanded the Victory Parade in 1945. Before the Great Patriotic War he was under investigation, and even twice out to be shot. In war - he stood at the origins of the Red Army's biggest operations.
At Lutsk and Dubno
The outbreak of war caught Konstantin Rokossovsky in Ukraine as the commander of the 9th Mechanized Corps. Its body is among a number of other compounds took part in one of the largest tank battles of the Great Patriotic War and the Second World War at Lutsk and Dubno, where the counter-attack Soviet tank units at a time delayed, but did not lead to the defeat of the German 1st Tank Group.
Regarding the activities of the Soviet anti-aircraft gunners, smashed fire 85mm guns on the road Lutsk - Exactly German column, Rokossovsky, later recalled: "Gunners let a Nazi closer and opened fire. On the highway monstrous traffic jam formed from the wreckage of motorcycles and armored vehicles, dead Nazis. But the advancing enemy forces continued by inertia to move forward, and our guns got new goals. "
Battle for Moscow
In the autumn of 1941 the troops of the 16th Army Rokossovsky reliably blocked the Leningrad and Volokolamsk highway, on which the enemy tried to break through to Moscow. Within two weeks the army to keep the defense against the vastly superior enemy forces.
Rokossovsky created on the most dangerous sections of strong anti-tank and artillery defense pockets, forces the enemy to break through all the new positions, apply the available tanks had not only against enemy infantry, but also - and concentration - to fight the enemy tanks. Both highways are mined, were also blown up the floodgates of the Istra reservoir, which greatly slow down the enemy tank group. It is a part of the 16th Army under Rokossovsky Moscow fought become renowned Division IVPanfilov and AP Beloborodov, Tank Brigade Katukov and cavalry corps LM Dovator.
During the final phase of the Battle of Stalingrad Rokossovskii headed actions of the Don Front, which had in the course of operation "Uranus" strike from the north stretched the flanks of the German forces and their allies. Rokossovsky troops fully coped with the task: breaking through the defense in depth, they tie up the enemy and not allow him to fend off the powerful blows on the flanks of the German 6th Army. November 23, 1942 troops of the Southwestern and Stalingrad Fronts closed the encirclement, which was almost 300 thousandth enemy group.
In the summer of 1943 under the command of the Central Front Rokossovsky held north of FAS Kursk salient, where from July 5th broke one of the largest battles of the Second World War. In the spring of 1943 Konstantin put forward the idea of the need to organize a strong defense of the projection, assuming that it is in this sector of the Soviet-German front the enemy will try to seize the initiative, lost at Stalingrad.
Rokossovsky proposed to concentrate in the rear arc of strong reserves to repel the enemy attack and to ensure timely transition of our forces in the offensive. As a result, on the northern fase Kursk Bulge, German troops were able to advance only 12-15 km, suffering heavy losses. favorable conditions for the transition of the Central Front troops on the offensive in the Orel direction ( "Kutuzov" operation) have been created. "Operation Bagration"
One of the highlights of the operations in the military biography of Marshal Rokossovsky was the Bobruisk offensive operation in June 1944 - part of the famous "Operation Bagration". During the five days of fighting, breaking through the enemy defenses on the part of the front dvuhsotkilometrovom, Rokossovsky's troops advanced 100 - 110 km. Given the deep and pre-prepared enemy defenses pace attack was very high - 22 kilometers per day. In the Bobruisk area was surrounded and destroyed a large German group. June 29, 1944 Rokossovsky was awarded the title of Marshal of the Soviet Union.
During the Berlin offensive Konstantin Rokossovsky led the troops of the 2nd Belarusian Front, whose forces were to operate north of Berlin. As conceived by the commander of the brunt of the front troops were put along the west bank of the Oder. Was necessary to cut off the German 3rd Panzer Army from Berlin, and then destroy, pressed to the Baltic coast. During the fighting troops Rokossovsky tie large German forces, not allowing the enemy command to throw them to the direction of Berlin, where acted 1st Belorussian Front commanded by Georgy Zhukov. At the final stage of the operation Rokossovsky troops reached the coast of the Baltic Sea, and occupied the island Wollin, Usedom and Rügen.
1949-1956 years were marked Rokossovskogo service in Poland. In the Polish People's Republic, he became a member of the state leadership, receiving the rank of Marshal of Poland, was appointed Minister of National Defense. Since 1952, Rokossovsky was appointed Deputy Prime Minister. Konstantin has done much to strengthen the Polish army - the army was reorganized and improved in the strategic interest of the network of railways and roads. Among the awards was the marshal and the "Cross of Grunwald" 1st class - one of the most important post-war Polish military awards. In the autumn of 1956 in connection with the aggravation of the political situation in Poland, it was decided to revoke the Soviet officers who were a part of the Polish Army. November 13, 1956 the victorious marshal was forced to resign.